Alliance for a Cavity-Free Future (ACFF) Awards Grants to Improve Oral Health of Young Children in Canada and the United States

The Canada-United States Chapter of the Alliance for a Cavity-Free Future (ACFF) has awarded four interprofessional grants totaling over $50,000.00 (USD) to fund projects that will have a positive impact on reducing the instance of dental caries, which is reversible, for children aged 0-6.  These projects will be carried out in 2019.

The grant program aims to bring together groups outside of dentistry, such as pediatrics and primary care, to help underserved communities. Made possible through funding from Colgate-Palmolive, the grants focus on populations with high caries needs and disadvantaged communities such as those with low incomes and or limited access to care.

Worldwide, 60–90% of school children and nearly 100% of adults have tooth decay.In fact, dental caries  is the most common, yet preventable, chronic disease on the planet. The impact of this disease has a profound impact on children in North America. In Canada, an estimated 2.26 million school days are missed each year due to dental related illness.  In the United States, a child is five times more likely to seek emergency room treatment for dental problems than for asthma, often because they can’t see a dentist, are uninsured or can’t afford routine dental care.

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More than 1 million patients unable to get NHS dentist in UK

More than a million people in England cannot register with an NHS dentist, with many “left in pain” and paying the price for ministers’ “indifference”, dental leaders warned.

Analysis of the NHS GP Patient Survey found one in four patients, roughly 1.03 million people, are not on the books of an NHS dentist and have been unable to get an appointment in the past year.

The British Dental Association (BDA) said the issue is set to get worse with three out of five dental practitioners in England saying they intend to reduce their NHS work, or stop entirely, in the next five years.

Britian’s high sugar habit has led to soaring numbers of tooth extractions, particularly in young children, where they have risen 50 per cent in the past two years.

Access issues exist in every English region, but Lincolnshire is the area worst hit, followed by parts of Norfolk, Derbyshire, West Yorkshire and Cornwall, according to the NHS data.

 

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Research between the Kornberg School of Dentistry and the College of Engineering uses stem cells to regrow the pulp-dentin complex

Associate Professor of Endodontology Maobin Yang, director of the Regenerative Health Research Laboratory at the Kornberg School of Dentistry, and Professor and Department Chair of Bioengineering Peter Lelkes have been collaborating on the research for three years. Yang and Lelkes’ work focuses on using dental stem cells to regenerate the  – pulp  and dentin, tissue.

In generating the tissue using stem cells, there’s one major problem. “When you put the components into the canal, they don’t have spatial control, so they don’t know where to grow the pulp and the dentin—the dentin outside and the pulp inside. So we need structure.”

That’s where Lelkes, a Laura H. Carnell Professor, came in: He worked with Yang to develop a bioengineered two-sided scaffolding to guide the tissue growth.

This is one of the great cases when he says, ‘Here, I have a clinical problem, let’s try to find an engineering solution to this problem.'”
— Peter Lelkes, Department Chair, Bioengineering

“The beauty of the system is that we have shown in vitro , that we can engineer a two-sided scaffold, and can guide the stem cells to differentiate into both pulp cells and dentin, producing odontoblasts that will eventually repair the root canal. We—our smart scaffold—can do this differentially with great efficacy.”

Yang and Lelkes’ partnership was born out of a friendship that occurred by happenstance: When Yang arrived at Temple six years ago, he initially worked out of a lab in Lelkes’ department and found a mentor and friend in Lelkes. So when he needed bioengineering assistance in his research, he turned to Lelkes.

“This is one of the great cases when he says, ‘Here, I have a clinical problem, let’s try to find an engineering solution to this problem,’” Lelkes said.

The pair recently published their findings in the journal Tissue Engineering.

Dr. Ritika Oberoi , A Dentist – Leading India’s First Formula LGB Ahura Car Racing Team

Six women, including  Dr. Ritika Oberoi‎, became part of history when they drove the Formula LGB cars at the Kari Motor Speedway over the weekend, just fortnight after they spotted an online post on a talent hunt conducted by former national champion Sarosh Hataria.

“It was after the Desert Storm my navigator motivated me to take up racing professionally. Being a passionate driver, having done all the forms including off-roading and rally, this was something which I was waiting for a long time,” Ritika told IANS.

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Forensic Odontology, IDA & Indian Defence

Very soon , Indian defence forces to have the odontologic database created by the forensic dentists.

The Indian Dental Association (IDA) is in talks with defence authorities to create a dental database of defence personnel that can be used for forensic analysis.Dr. Ashok Dhoble, honorary secretary general, IDA, quoted : , “The database will help in identifying bodies using dental forensics. The data will be handy during post-mortem examination.”

The idea was discussed at a conference of doctors on ‘Disaster victim identification’ on Friday. Dr. Emilio Nuzzolese from University of Catanzaro in Italy, who works closely with Interpol, shared his experience on the importance of forensic dental identification. Experts also said that dental analysis was much cheaper than DNA analysis.

This task may require many dentists. In an era in India when dentists are facing lesser job opportunities , this move by the IDA may lead to not only helping the defence forces, but also creating many jobs for the dental graduates.

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